Who are the Houthis and why is there a civil war in Yemen?

Who are the Houthis and why is there a civil war in Yemen?

In a significant escalation, the United States and the United Kingdom have carried out strikes against multiple Houthi targets in Yemen. The move follows repeated Houthi attacks, leading to disruptions in one of the world’s crucial maritime trade routes.

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Understanding the Houthi Movement and Yemen’s Civil War

The Houthi movement, also known as Ansarallah, emerged in the 1990s as a resistance to marginalization under the Sunni regime in Yemen. The ongoing civil war, which started in 2014, has created one of the worst humanitarian crises, affecting millions with famine, displacement, and economic collapse.

 Houthi Allies, Iranian Backing, and the ‘Axis of Resistance’

Backed by Iran, the Houthis form part of the “Axis of Resistance,” an anti-Israel alliance. The recent attacks on commercial vessels in the Red Sea, attributed to the Houthis, have raised concerns about global economic repercussions.

Newly recruited fighters who joined a Houthi military force intended to be sent to fight in support of the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip, march during a parade in Sanaa, Yemen December 2, 2023. REUTERS/Khaled Abdullah

 Economic Impact and Global Response

The Houthi attacks on shipping have prompted major companies to suspend transit through the Red Sea, impacting global trade. The US and Britain have responded with strikes, and international efforts are underway to safeguard the crucial waterway.

Read Also: “US and UK Launch Strikes in Yemen in Response to Houthi Attacks on Shipping”

Challenges and Concerns for the Future

As Houthi strikes continue, fears of a broader regional conflict persist. The global community faces the challenge of mitigating economic disruptions while addressing the root causes of the Yemeni civil war and the Houthi movement’s grievances.

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